At DentalChat - we get many local dental questions online about various dental topics. One dental subject we get asked about frequently is about the various dental specialties & what they do?
We will be discussing the various recognized Dental
Specialties in this dental article. A Dental Specialty is a specialized area of dentistry that has been officially recognized by the National Commission on Recognition of Dental Specialties and the Certifying Boards - National Certifying Boards for Dental Specialties.
Here is the most common list of dental specialties recognized. These are dental
specialties that graduating dentists can go into, after completing dental school.
General Dentistry Blog:
What is a General Dentist?
The vast majority of licensed dentists are general dentists. A general dentist (General Dentistry)
can provide all dental services for their patients - though,
certain aspects of dentistry are more complicated - and with
dentistry training is better performed by dental specialists. For example, all dentists can do
extractions and are licensed to do so. Most general dentists stay away from doing fully impacted
wisdom teeth extractions. These full impacted wisdom teeth extractions may require extra oral surgery work to be done, that a specialized oral surgeon may be able to handle better. Also, oral surgeon dental offices are better equipped usually for dental complications that may arise from complicated teeth extractions.
Many times, oral surgery offices can provide extra sedation options for the patient. That being said,
there are many dentists that are fully ready and trained to
perform wisdom teeth extractions of all kinds.
What is a Dental Public Health Specialist and what do they
A Dental Public Health Specialist is someone who
specializes in public health dentist who works in the public
sector. Dental Public Health specialists is a dental
specialty that specializes more towards on Control and
Prevention of Dental Diseases / Dental Illnesses. Dental
Health specialists promote dental health through an
organized community-based effort. Dental public health specialists concentrate more on the overall dental health
needs of local communities,stateagencies / communities
and national communities - so as to provide a more
optimal oral health for all individuals. They can better
address the needs of all types or conditions of patients,
including patients that may be having special needs. They
can also better formulate policies to help underserved
populations or people that financial challenges in paying
for their dental care needs.
What is an Endodontist?
As explained earlier, all general dentists are trained in all
facets of dentistry, including how to do root canal
treatment. Though, not all teeth are similar in shape or
have the same root canal morphology. That is, some teeth
are harder than others to do a root canal on. In those
cases, a general dentist usually will refer that patient to a
dentist that has specialized root canal treatment training
What does Endodontics mean?
Endodontics comes from the Greek words “Endo” is inside
and odont is “tooth” - hence, inside of the tooth work. More specifically, working in the pulp and the pulp canal area of the root of the tooth - to provide root canal treatment.
Generally, an endodontist does an additional 2 years or 3
years of training after completing dental school - to
become an endodontist. Endodontists are experts at treating the pulp canal inside the tooth - They specialize in doing root canal therapy and doing Apicectomy treatment.
Apicoectomy is done when there is remaining inflammation or infection in the bony area around the end of the tooth under the gums, by the root tip.
Apicoectomy is done or performed - generally after root canal treatment is completed.
What is an Oral Surgeon?
Oral Surgeon or Oral Surgery Doctors receive the most
amount of medical doctor training, after becoming
dentists - because they can do complicated oral surgery
and facial reconstruction procedures such as treating cleft
lip treatment. To become an oral surgeon, it can take 4
or 5 years or possibly 6 years of training after dental
school. There are various oral surgery procedures done,
with probably the most common for oral surgeons being
the extraction of wisdom teeth. Here are some procedures an
oral surgeon can do.
- Third Molar Removal - Impacted Wisdom Teeth
- Dental implant Placement
- Jaw / Mouth Surgery
- Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
- Facial Injury treatment
- Oral Cancer / Mouth Cancer
Oral surgeons are referred to many patients that may be
possibly having oral cancer and maybe needing
oral cancer treatment.
What is Oral Pathology?
Oral Medicine and Pathology deals with the diagnosis and
management of disorders related to the oral cavity and
orofacial tissues. An oral pathologist deals many times
with mouth cancer, like oral surgeons. Generally, if they
find in the mouth something that may be cancerous - they
will recommend a form of biopsy in the mouth to be done,
to see what is going on. Oral pathologists deal also with
TMJ issues, salivary glands & various other oral and
maxillofacial regions of the body. It is the identification and management of these maxillofacial ailments that may
arise, such as oral cancer.
Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology specializes in
understanding and reading advanced dental imaging used
for craniofacial studies. There are various dental and
medical imaging tools that are more advanced than the
basic dental x-rays one sees in the dental office. These
imaging devices can help better detect oral cancer and
bone density in the jaw. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologists can better understand and read images from
Ultrasound scan to Cone Beam Scan. Something like
radiologists, though generally more specifically for the
dental and facial region of the body.
What is an Orthodontist?
Orthodontist are specialized dentists that deal with
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. FromtheGreekwords of Ortho - to straighten and Odonto - Teeth ... Hence,
orthodontists look to straighten teeth. Many parents are
very familiar with Orthodontists and getting orthodontics
treatment for their children. Orthodontists look to treat
Malocclusion. which is an abnormal alignment of the teeth in the
mouth. There is a varying type of treatments and
appliances used by orthodontists to treat malocclusion.
? Pediatric Dentistry
Pediatric Dentistry or pediatric dentists specialize in dental
care for children and young adults. Many times, children
can be afraid to go to a dentist or get dental care.
Pediatric dentists specialize in treating children and also,
how to best maintain space for teeth to growin
teeth accidents, etc.
Periodontists are specialists in gum therapy and bone structures surrounding teeth in the jaw - which is better known as Periodontics. Periodontists help with treating gum disease
and bone structures in the mouth. One of the major
causes of losing teeth in adults is from gum disease.
Periodontists can place dental implants, perform bone grafting in the mouth and help treat people with severe gum problems.
What is a Prosthodontist?
Prosthodontists help with restoring broken teeth and
restoring dental implants with crowns. Prosthodontists are
specially trained in cosmetic dentistry, dental implant
restoration, dental crowns,bridges, and dentures. They
can help make appliances dealing with TMJ and also
fabricate appliances such as dentures to work with dental
- Online Dental Specialties Discussion - Dental Specialty Blog:
- Discussing Dental Specialists:
- Dental Specialties Blog:
We discussed dental specialties in this dental blog. There are many fields in specific dental care training now. Dental Specialties Chat, Dental Specialty Discussion Online, Dental Specialty Blog and Online Dental Specialties Chatting with us. A general dentist is licensed to do dentistry - though, as dentistry has advanced, it is becoming more specialized >> much the same as medicine has.
This article we did Periodontist Chatting, Dental
Specialties Blog, Prosthodontist Discussion, Endodontist
Chat, Pediatric Dentist Blog, Oral Surgeon Chatting and
more. We have more interesting dental articles at
We are at Dental Chat looking to discuss dentistry and
dental care issues - as well as to help people Find Local
Dentists in their area to see.
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