PERIODONTIST - DENTAL SPECIALISTS
General dentists will refer dental patients to periodontists who need major gum surgery to address bone loss in the jaw around the teeth.
People who do not treat their gingivitis disease early, may end up with a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. We get many Periodontal Dental Questions Online at DentalChat. We will discuss the various forms of periodontal disease and periodontics treatment that periodontists use to treat this severe form of gum disease. Our goal with our dental blogs is to provide general information that hopefully our readers and users can understand. If anyone thinks that they may have some form of gum disease, it is highly recommended to visit your local dentist / dental office - get a dental exam and the appropriate dental treatment.
First, it is important to note that not all forms of gingivitis progress to become periodontitis. Gingivitus can appear once the plaque builds up in the mouth and starts to become calculus. Calculus is a calcified form of plaque that can only be removed with scraping or scaling by a dentist or hygienist. If the calculus is allowed to remain for long periods of many months and years, large pockets can form - leading the person to a more form of gum disease which may become a form of periodontitis. There are also various levels of periodontitis - perio disease. One of the most common reasons adults lose their teeth is from Periodontitis. In this Dental Chat article, we will be discussing severe gum problems (Periodontitis) and periodontist treatment options.
Periodontitis is a severe gum infection which attacks the soft tissues and damages the oral jaw bone that gives support to teeth. Periodontics is the dental specialty focused on diagnosis & treatment of gum disease; diagnosis & treatment of jaw bone resorption in the mouth, that is important in maintaining teeth in place. Periodontists are specialized dentists - licensed dentists who do extra dental training to specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease, oral cancer issues, dental implant placement and jaw bone problems. Many times, patients who have severe forms of periodontitis are referred to periodontists by general dentists.
For you to identify a healthy gum, it will generally look pale pink, be fairly firm and tightly fit snuggly around the teeth. But you can identify the sign of periodontitis with the following:
First and foremost, look to see if your gums have inflammation around them, bleed easily when brush or floss.
Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums
Swollen or puffy gums
Gums that bleed easily
Gums that feel tender when touched
Look for new spaces developing between your teeth.
A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Gums that pull away from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal
Pus between your teeth and gums
Periodontal Categories / Various levels of Gum Disease:
There are differ categories of periodontitis. The most occurring type of periodontitis is a category which is usually termed as Chronic Periodontitis - this is the most occurring type of periodontal disease or perio illness. It is primarily or usually found in adults, though that does not mean children are not affected. That is, it can occur in youngsters as well. This type is usually caused by overtime buildup of infections. Chronic Periodontitis usually occurs slowly and generally will over time get worse. This type of perio disease causes severe damage to the gum, teeth and jaw bone of the mouth. The jaw bone loss can end up with people to lose a tooth or loss of a number of teeth, if not treated.
Another type of perio disease is Aggressive Periodontitis, which usually begins in childhood or early adulthood. This type of period disease usually affects a smaller number of people. It tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.
Necrotizing periodontal disease is usually featured with the death of the gum tissues, supporting bone and the tooth ligament. Necrotizing periodontal disease usually happens because there is no supply of blood to all these parts of the mouth. This is usually found in people with immune system conditions, such as being immuno-suppressed with ailments that may include HIV patients, cancer patients and various other conditions.
Finding a Local Dentist to treat gum disease:
When to See a Local Dentist on a regular basis?
Dentists understand the importance of maintaining healthy oral hygiene regimen and things to do to try to stop gum disease spread in the mouth. Most dentists and dental offices make appointments for their patients for their regular dental exam and prophy cleaning visit around once every 6 months. This can vary on the person. Most time dentists have their own schedule for checkup hour. If there are any signs of periodontitis notice in your teeth, make sure you see a dentist as soon as you can. The earlier you take care of your teeth > the better the chance of success or at least reducing the speed of illness & taking care of any disease. At an early stage, can better try to prevent damage and reverting the damages done by periodontitis. The longer Periodontitis has been around in the mouth, the more damage to the jaw bone and teeth it has probably caused.
The first sign you will notice from periodontitis is calcified plaque which is called calculus. Plaque generally starts with a sticky film which is made of bacteria and food that one eats. If good home dental care / good oral hygiene and attention is not given to it, the plaque can build up fairly rapidly.
The plaque starts to build when the bacteria in the mouth form a reaction with sugar and starches in your mouth. This can be avoided by making sure you brush your teeth at least twice in a day and flossing once a day. This can help to remove plaque, though they can reform quickly.
If plaque is allowed to stay in the mouth and not cleaned, then this plaque can calcify and become what is called calculus. The most difficult to remove is the one found under the tartar. So it means the liner you have the plague on your teeth the more destruction it will affect your teeth. This tartar can be removed by flossing and brushing your teeth regularly. To get rid of this, you need to see a dentist to do prophy (cleaning) and if have a lot of plaque build-up under the gums, will need to do a scaling and root planing.
Gingivitis can be caused by plaque which is the mildest state of periodontal diseases. When have inflammation and irritation around the gums of teeth or base of the teeth (gingiva), then this inflammation is generally referred to as Gingivitis. These diseases can be retracted using a professional treatment from the dentist and good oral care and hygiene.
Perio Disease Blogging and Online Periodontal Care Discussion with us - let us now more in detail the gum inflammation that occurs with the periodontal disease. Frequent gum inflammation can also lead to periodontitis, that will eventually start causing large pockets to develop between your gums and teeth that fill with plaque, tartar, and bacteria. That is why your dentist or hygienist checks your gum pockets with a probe to measure the area and keep track of what is going on in your mouth. In time, these pockets become deeper, filling with more bacteria. If not treated, these deep infections cause a loss of tissue and bone, and ultimately you may lose one or more teeth. Also, ongoing chronic inflammation can put a strain on your immune system.
Periodontitis Causes Blog & Periodontitis Information Online - Risk factors that can cause Periodontitis
Here are some of the possible risk factors that can increase your periodontitis:
Gingivitis that keeps progressing -
Older age -
Poor oral health habits -
Obesity & Diabetes -
Smoking or chewing tobacco -
Certain medications that cause dry mouth or gum changes
Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause -
Substance abuse -
Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency -
Certain diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn's disease -
Conditions that cause decreased immunity, such as leukemia, HIV/AIDS and cancer treatment -
Complications with Periodontitis: Can Periodontitis / Periodontal Disease affect your overall health?
Yes, Periodontitis can lead to poor overall health, if not treated and kept under control. Periodontitis can lead to decay and loss of teeth, as well as bone loss in the jaw. Research has demonstrated that bacteria which causes Periodontitis can gain entrance into your bloodstream through gum tissues in the mouth, which may affect your lungs, and your heart functionality. Hence, perio disease is not good for your overall health. Also, Periodontitis is associated with respiratory disorders, coronary artery diseases/stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, and other medical problems.
Prevention of Periodontitis Chat / Getting Regular Dental Prophy & Dental Exam:
Having good oral hygiene is a great way of trying to avoid Periodontitis or period problems. Treating Periodontitis is not easy, it is best to maintain good oral health care regimens, to try to avoid gum problems. Going and seeing a dentist for a prophy / dental exam usually once every 6 months is a great way of trying to avoid bad gums problems.
Good Oral Hygiene Blog / Oral Hygiene Recommendations:
Brushing and flossing daily - as well as getting proper dental care at a dental office. Proper tooth brushing is highly recommended. It is generally recommended to brush your teeth twice a day for approximately 2 minutes if needed - generally, good idea to brush your teeth in the morning and before going to bed. You should also try to floss at least once in a day or more if have deep gum pockets. It is generally advisable to floss Before you brush because this helps to loosen food particles from your oral cavity.
Here is another Dental Hygiene Blog on Dentalchat about dental hygiene https://dentalchat.com/swollen-painful-gum-question-and-oral-hygiene-chat We have a lot of dental information on our site.
- Regular dental visits - Dental Prophy Blog and Dental Cleanings Discussion:
Visit the dentist / dental office regularly. As we mentioned earlier in this article, get a dental prophy and dental checkup of your teeth and mouth, usually twice a year. Your dentist or dental hygienist will not only do a prophy (dental cleaning) but will also do probing of your gums. This probing of gums is to see or check the overall health of your mouth. Deep pockets are generally not a good sign while having within normal limit gum pockets is a good sign that your teeth are healthy. Also, dental x-rays may or may not be needed. This is another tool that dentists use to check for healthy gums and make sure do not have major gum disease. Here is an interesting dental article on DentalChat - Local Dental Implants Chat and Online Dental Implant Placement Information
Periodontics and the understanding of how to treat gum disease are very important. Local Periodontists help many people with severe gum disease such as periodontitis. We are Blogging about Oral Care, Discussing Oral Hygiene, Online Perio Chat about Local Periodontists, Online Periodontal Treatment Chat with us and Perio Disease Chatting online - as well as discussing various other dental topics at DentalChat. We welcome people asking us Dental Questions at DentalChat. We are @ Dental Chat networking with dental health care professionals.
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